Category: Whangarei


Tidal marine hazard warning for north-east New Zealand coast – Reinga to East Cape – Stay out of the water and off the beach-line. Be Prepared for stronger than usual currents. Act with caution if boating. 7.03am Kermadec Islands magnitude 7.6 earthquake – moderate sea effect – see GeoNet record. Ref. New Zealand Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management MCDEM.

Kermadecs magnitude 7.6 quake - GNS seismometer drums - 070711

Kermadecs magnitude 7.6 quake - GNS seismometer drums - 070711

Kermadecs 7.8 poster - USGS 20071209 - low res

Kermadecs 7.8 poster - USGS 20071209 - low res


See today’s USGS record and the Poster of the Kermadec-Tonga Trench Earthquake of 09 December 2007 – Magnitude 7.8.

At 5:26 pm 2011/07/06 Tsunami-Warn.com wrote to me for an exchange of web-links, which I am very happy to transact. At the time it was not clear which page I should post this Auckland company link onto. Now it stands as 13.4 hours’ early warning for today’s 7:03am, near-local seismic event. Check out the impressive Tsunami-Warn service, a “global early warning and alert system [by] SMS text message” – read latest notice.

Kermadecs magnitude 7.6 quake - USGS 070711

Kermadecs magnitude 7.6 quake - USGS 070711


This momentary alarm follows recent escalation of Fiji area 5+ quakes, that was already amidst a period of heightened seismic activity on the north and east Australian Plate. New Zealand geology is ultimately affected by this type of movement, as I began warning eleven days ago: 5.7 south-west Tonga Trench ridge quake shakes NZ. Then two days ago, it was already looking like a ‘more noticable’ /serious? seismic brewing, which GNS Science advise us not to see: Taupo 6.5 quake not good news 4 ChristChurch or NZ. Three days ago, I showed precisely where to watch for any imminent local bad shakes again: Next ChristChurch 6+ quake (which is not starting to trend below the critical ten gigajoule daily Quake Energy release line again yet)

On Cashmere hill, the first high-frequency vibration burst came through from the Kermadecs at 7:45am.

More community discussion: Tamzin Kay South Pacific Quake & Tsunami July 7 2011 for AstroBlog.

N.B. fellow Kiwis – today’s Magnitude 4.8 – KERMADEC ISLANDS REGION 2011 July 06 21:25:04 UTC 9:25am aftershock does not even make it onto GeoNet’s radar! Nor this, a Raoull Island seismograph screenshot, taken 2 July and perhaps showing a clear foreshock to the 7.6 main shock, that had otherwise escaped all the published seismic records (and forecasting):

Raoul Island seismograph drum - GNS 020711

Raoul Island seismograph drum - GNS 020711

The Raoul Island 7.6 quake and aftershock pattern:
Raoul Island seismograph - GNS 070711b

Raoul Island seismograph - GNS 070711b

But here is the double shocker, the effect of the Kermadec magnitude 7.6 quake upon the other side of Antarctica, south of Cape Horn – Palmer Station:

Kermadec 7.6 - PalmerStation 070711

Kermadec 7.6 - PalmerStation 070711


And what is the extra trace movement you can see here got going early, ahead of the large one. about 4:25am NZST for almost an hour, that has no obvious other global seismic record?
Then a newer shot, capturing also the Kermadec 6.0 aftershock to the 7.6:
Palmer Station seismometer, Kermadec 6.0 - 070711

Palmer Station seismometer, Kermadec 6.0 - 070711

Let this be our triple alert, the effect of the Kermadec magnitude 7.6 quake upon Mount Erebus, NZ Ross Dependency, Antarctica:

Taupo mag 6.5 quake - Mount Erebus 060711

Kermadec 7.6 - Mount Erebus 070711

Significant aftershocks ~ THE EARTH IS STILL MOVING on the Kermadec Trench …

Kermadecs 7.6 quake - GIM 070711

Kermadecs 7.6 quake - GIM 070711

I tend to believe this duplicate Kermadec 7.6 depth record, starting this full event account that shows very strong link to west-coast California and Alaska USA (as figured two weeks ago), from the Live Earthquakes Map (magnitude + depth; newest at top):
(series is ever-continued… New data archive page follows on: Kermadec collision cont’d 11/07/11)
Saturday July 9 2011, 01:53:54 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.7 19.0
Saturday July 9 2011, 00:53:21 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.2 56.9
Friday July 8 2011, 23:54:14 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.9 53.8
Friday July 8 2011, 23:31:24 UTC Fiji region 5.1 520.7
Friday July 8 2011, 20:54:06 UTC Fiji region 4.7 577.1
Friday July 8 2011, 16:47:22 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.8 46.4
Friday July 8 2011, 05:53:03 UTC central Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3 10.0
Friday July 8 2011, 05:12:07 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.2 20.1
Friday July 8 2011, 04:49:22 UTC Fiji region 4.6 628.9
Friday July 8 2011, 03:40:24 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.3 22.2
Thursday July 7 2011, 23:27:54 UTC Canada -0.3 178.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 23:27:15 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.2 69.2
Thursday July 7 2011, 22:46:37 UTC Canada 3.1 76.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 21:03:34 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.1 1.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 19:08:36 UTC Fiji region 5.6 561.3
Thursday July 7 2011, 18:38:23 UTC south of Panama 4.5 10.1
Thursday July 7 2011, 18:35:42 UTC eastern Honshu, Japan 5.6 45.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 14:53:53 UTC south of the Kermadec Islands 5.3 40.3
Thursday July 7 2011, 13:47:01 UTC south of the Kermadec Islands 5.0 29.4

Thursday July 7 2011, 13:07:23 UTC Kermadec Islands, New Zealand 5.3
(trimmed out from here up, retaining items of interest)
Thursday July 7 2011, 09:29:58 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.5 22.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 09:10:52 UTC Kermadec Islands region 6.0 19.9

Thursday July 7 2011, 08:29:43 UTC Central California 2.1 2.5
Thursday July 7 2011, 08:17:30 UTC Central Alaska 1.5 84.4
Thursday July 7 2011, 08:00:54 UTC Southern California 1.1 14.1
Thursday July 7 2011, 07:46:08 UTC Central Alaska 1.2 0.9
Thursday July 7 2011, 07:20:09 UTC Central California 1.6 3.6
Thursday July 7 2011, 07:10:20 UTC Moro Gulf, Mindanao, Philippines 4.8 561.1
Thursday July 7 2011, 06:43:42 UTC Southern California 1.0 16.3
Thursday July 7 2011, 06:36:21 UTC Southern Alaska 2.6 91.8
Thursday July 7 2011, 06:05:21 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.7 19.6
Thursday July 7 2011, 05:10:08 UTC near the east coast of Honshu, Japan 4.9 30.4
Thursday July 7 2011, 05:03:55 UTC Southern California 2.0 14.5
Thursday July 7 2011, 05:03:55 UTC Southern California 2.0 14.5
Thursday July 7 2011, 04:40:17 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.5 19.4
Thursday July 7 2011, 04:38:54 UTC Southern Alaska 1.9 37.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 04:20:03 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.8 20.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 04:16:37 UTC Southern Alaska 1.7 3.1
Thursday July 7 2011, 04:12:08 UTC Central Alaska 1.9 59.7
Thursday July 7 2011, 04:02:05 UTC near the east coast of Honshu, Japan 4.9 33.9
Thursday July 7 2011, 03:49:18 UTC Washington 1.8 17.7
Thursday July 7 2011, 03:41:39 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.9 20.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 03:20:16 UTC Central Alaska 2.0 7.3
Thursday July 7 2011, 03:20:16 UTC Central Alaska 2.0 7.3
Thursday July 7 2011, 02:12:24 UTC Virgin Islands region 2.9 36.1
Thursday July 7 2011, 02:10:21 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.0 19.5
Thursday July 7 2011, 01:26:38 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.1 19.7

Thursday July 7 2011, 01:23:05 UTC northern Alaska 1.2 11.6
Thursday July 7 2011, 01:16:00 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.8 20.4
Thursday July 7 2011, 01:06:35 UTC Nevada 2.0 0.0
Thursday July 7 2011, 00:33:37 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.2 26.4
Thursday July 7 2011, 00:26:44 UTC Southern Alaska 3.1 131.4
Wednesday July 6 2011, 23:13:35 UTC Central California 1.4 10.3
Wednesday July 6 2011, 23:03:32 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.9 25.0
Wednesday July 6 2011, 22:52:25 UTC Alaska Peninsula 2.2 2.8
Wednesday July 6 2011, 22:50:24 UTC Southern California 1.4 18.8
Wednesday July 6 2011, 22:50:05 UTC Kenai Peninsula, Alaska 1.7 40.7
Wednesday July 6 2011, 22:31:27 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.9 27.6
Wednesday July 6 2011, 21:49:08 UTC Central Alaska 2.0 74.7
Wednesday July 6 2011, 21:36:37 UTC Southern Alaska 2.1 6.6
Wednesday July 6 2011, 21:28:06 UTC Northern California 1.2 2.4
Wednesday July 6 2011, 21:26:13 UTC Northern California 2.0 2.0
Wednesday July 6 2011, 21:25:04 UTC Kermadec Islands region 4.8 18.9
Wednesday July 6 2011, 21:07:08 UTC Central California 2.0 7.2
Wednesday July 6 2011, 21:04:03 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.3 16.8
Wednesday July 6 2011, 20:35:39 UTC Kermadec Islands region 5.6 10.0

Wednesday July 6 2011, 19:53:05 UTC Northern California 2.6 1.8
Wednesday July 6 2011, 19:24:55 UTC Southern California 2.4 21.0
Wednesday July 6 2011, 19:15:47 UTC Northern California 3.8 34.2
Wednesday July 6 2011, 19:03:16 UTC Kermadec Islands region 7.6 20.0
Wednesday July 6 2011, 19:03:16 UTC Kermadec Islands region 7.8 48.0

worlds collide? - Canada magnitude "-0.3" - GIM 090711

Worlds collide? - Canada 'Magnitude -0.3' - GIM 090711

Palmer Station Antarctica, below Cape Horn, shaking from two sides and ringing like a bell now – Pacific Kermadec 5.3, Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3, Kermadec 5.2:

Mid-Atlantic and Kermadec 5+ shocks - Palmer Station 090711

Mid-Atlantic and Kermadec 5+ shocks - Palmer Station 090711

Raoul Island / Kermadec Trench still very unsettled two days after magnitude 7.6 quake:

Raoul Island seismograph - GNS 090711

Raoul Island seismograph - GNS 090711

NOTE
Iceland volcano: eruption ‘could just be rehearsal’ for worse ash chaos if Katla blows “the magna chambers of a volcano that has some 10 times the power of Eyjafjallajökull are long ‘overdue’ an eruption after an unprecedented 92 years of inactivity..” telegraph.co.uk Saturday 09 July 2011.

…bringing Atlantic events into focus, centred on Palmer Station Antarctica at base here:

Mid-Atlantic Ridge magnitude 5.3 - GIM 090711

Mid-Atlantic Ridge magnitude 5.3 - GIM 090711


Mid-Atlantic Ridge magnitude 5.3 - USGS 090711

Mid-Atlantic Ridge magnitude 5.3 - USGS 090711 - Iceland watch

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In the southern hemisphere, we are well into another week of heightened seismic activity; or so it seems from the many medium-sized (5+) earthquakes occurring here. There is an eerie subsurface resonance on two sides of the South Pole, with the recent Chilean volcanic eruption probably venting some displaced energy from March 11th’s Sendai 9.0, and definite ripples on the south-western Pacific. “The last eruption of Puyehue volcano was in 1960 following a 9.5 earthquake. An eruption began at Puyehue-Cordón Caulle Volcano on 24th May 1960. The eruption was probably precipitated by the great earthquake in Chile (magnitude 9.5) which occurred on 22nd May 1960. The eruption consisted of an explosive subplinian phase and the formation of a mushroom-like column 8 km high.” Current visual reference: Chile’s Puyehue Volcano Erupts.

Don’t believe it? – Check the sources: usgs.gov/earthquakes/recenteqsww & quakes.globalincidentmap.com.

Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3 USGS 070611

Southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3 USGS 070611

After some Sandwich Islands earthquakes, the southern Mid-Atlantic Ridge has just had a 5.3. This zone presents a mirror echo of southern Australia and New Zealand quakes of late, the biggest a 6.3 (a 6.5 on the Australian scale):

Earthquakes@Geoscience Australia - Macquarie Island 6.5 050611

Earthquakes@Geoscience Australia - Macquarie Island 6.5 050611

Source: Earthquakes@Geoscience Australia ga.gov.au/earthquakes

“Read ’em and weep”, sayeth Ruaumoko below.

~ Kia ora

Update: And now Easter Island has chimed in, with a magnitude 4.9:

Easter Island 4.9 USGS 070611

Easter Island 4.9 USGS 070611

Puyehue - Reuters 050611

Mount Puyehue in Chile erupts - first time since 1960 - Reuters 050611

Puyehue Volcano in Chile : Real life Mordor Egyptian Chronicles

Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3 - quakes.globalincidentmap.com 070611

Mid-Atlantic Ridge 5.3 and Easter Island 4.9 - quakes.globalincidentmap.com 070611

~ Now there’s a very scary line-up indeed – the Earth is peeling like an orange? …

It won’t be anthropogenic global warming that ends human evolution, directly; it will be the toxic atmosphere spewed up by the new age of volcanism that global warming unleashes, alongside emmissions pollution and climate change.

The Earth has been there before, and this is the flipside of global warming – the natural switch for rapid cooling, by global ash-cloud coverage. Next comes The Snowball Earth “when the whole planet appears to have [been] gripped by colossal ice ages” (geology.About.com /controversies) after drastic reduction of oxygen-dependent life, like mammals especially livestock and us.

The plant kingdom can then recover the environmental balance that we previously enjoyed. (Ref. Lovelock and “Gaia” theory).

Here is a consequent forecast/prediction/prophecy that you can bank on: Mount Erebus and its neighbours will erupt increasingly: “The glacier-covered volcano was erupting when first sighted by Captain James Ross in 1841. Continuous lava-lake activity with minor explosions, punctuated by occasional larger strombolian explosions that eject bombs onto the crater rim, has been documented since 1972, but has probably been occurring for much of the volcano’s recent history” Global Volcanism Program

List of volcanoes in Antarctica Wikipedia: Mount Erebus “is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, which includes over 160 active volcanoes”
Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory MEVO erebus.nmt.edu Live seismometers etc Science+++
Mount Erebus – Antarctic Volcano antarcticconnection.com Science+++
Antarctica Casey Geoscience Australia seismometer + Palmer Station US National Science Foundation seismometer USGS

Surprise! There’s an active volcano under Antarctic ice wattsupwiththat.com January 2008
Under-Ice Volcano Eruption Spewed Ash Over Antarctica “more than 2,000 years ago” news.NationalGeographic.com January 2008
Buried Volcano Discovered in Antarctica “Under the frozen continent’s western-most ice sheet, the volcano erupted about 2,300 years ago yet remains active.. Brooding giant. Although ice buried the unnamed volcano, molten rock is still churning below.. discovery might explain the speeding up of historically slow-moving glaciers in the region.. hidden volcano doesn’t explain widespread thinning of Antarctic glaciers.. ‘This wider change most probably has its origin in warming ocean waters,’.. which most scientists attribute to global warming resulting from human activity, such as the use of fossil fuels..” LiveScience.com January 2008
Scientists Find Active Volcano in Antarctica “For Antarctica, ‘This is the first time we have seen a volcano beneath the ice sheet punch a hole through the ice sheet,’.. Heat from a volcano could still be melting ice and contributing to the thinning and speeding up of the Pine Island Glacier, which passes nearby, but Dr. Vaughan doubted that it could be affecting other glaciers in West Antarctica, which have also thinned in recent years. Most glaciologists.. say that warmer ocean water is the primary cause. Volcanically, Antarctica is a fairly quiet place. But sometime around 325 B.C., the researchers said, a hidden and still active volcano erupted, puncturing several hundred yards of ice above it” NYTimes.com January 2008
Underwater Antarctic volcano found “Research ship documents apparently fresh lava flow ..no previous scientific record of active volcanoes in the region where the new peak was discovered. The volcano is located on the continental shelf, in the vicinity of a deep trough carved out by glaciers passing across the seafloor” msnbc.msn.com Science updated May 2004
Antarctic volcano not melting ice “..Erebus was erupting when members of Capt. James Ross’ 1841 expedition became the first humans to see it. In fact, the eruption at that time was the largest ever seen. Ross named the volcano for his ship, the Erebus. He named another Ross Island volcano Mt. Terror after his other ship. To the ancient Greeks, Erebus was the dark region beneath the earth that spirits had to pass through to get to the realm of Hades below..” USAtoday.com/weather/antarc January 2001 + NOVA program, “Warnings from the Ice” PBS radio April 1998

Antarctica Erupts! “On Mount Erebus, the churning magma is exposed at the top of the volcano, in a roiling 1,700-degree Fahrenheit lake perhaps miles deep.. it had recently broken a two-year quiet spell. Mount Erebus had started acting up in early 2005, and when scientists arrived it was erupting several times a day, each time ejecting 50 or so lava bombs” SmithsonianMag.com/science-nature December 2006

Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory diagram - CO2 degassing

Mount Erebus Volcano Observatory diagram - CO2 degassing


Smithsonian - volcano steam

Smithsonian - volcano steam

“Antarctica Erupts! Seemingly dreamed up by Dr. Seuss, Mount Erebus’ improbable ice towers form around steaming vents, growing up to 60 feet before collapsing” – Photos: Smithsonian

Ross Island Map - Wikipedia Mount Erebus

Ross Island Map - Wikipedia Mount Erebus

Antarctica location map - Wikipedia Mount Erebus

Antarctica location map - Wikipedia Mount Erebus

Another peel of the orange? - Chiapas 5.4 & Hawaii 3.4 080611

Another peel of the orange? - Chiapas 5.4 & Hawaii 3.4 080611

Chiapas alignment through Easter Island to Macquarie Island

Chiapas alignment through Easter Island to Macquarie Island

Extra: Today’s bigger quakes brought further sign of change.. ..Five Injured in 5.3-Magnitude Earthquake in China’s Xinjiang “A specialist with Xinjiang’s earthquake administration said further earthquakes in the region are unlikely.’Quakes over 5-magnitude have rarely been reported in Toksun County over the past 70 years. Citizens do not need to worry'”

Magnitude 6.0 earthquake Southern Peru depth 101.3 km 03:06:18 UTC Wednesday 8th June 2011 – it took about 10 minutes to reach Palmer Station seismometer in Antarctica..

Peru 6.0 Palmer Station USGS 080611

Peru mag 6.0 Palmer Station USGS 080611


and 12 minutes to reach Erebus MEVO Station seismometer Abbot Peak on the other side Antarctica..
Erebus MEVO - Peru 6.0 20110608

Erebus MEVO - Peru 6.0 20110608


For comparison, here is Abbot Peak’s record of the 5 June 2011 Macquarie Island magnitude 6.3 quake:
Erebus - Macquarie Island 6.5 20110605

Erebus - Macquarie Island 6.5 20110605


Antarctic view - USGS 080611

Antarctic view - Peru 6.0 + Chile shocks / south-west Pacific - USGS 080611


Palmer Station Antarctica 080611

Palmer Station Antarctica 080611

Palmer Station 12 hours later: small local seismicity that does not show up, or relate to any remote event, on the global record. i.e. keep watching Antarctic seismometers to better read Antarctica.

Of course, as with diurnal peaks and troughs of seismic activity, there are seasonal flows and ebbs of earthquakes too – all due to planetary warming (then cooling, in cycles). So we should not expect the heightened Antarctic volcanism until next summer, January to March 2012. Make your bets now. …

12Jun2011 – Unless?!?:

Palmer Station Antarctica 1200611 - unusual movement?

Palmer Station Antarctica 1200611 - unusual movement?

These notes continue on new page Earth vs Capitalism

Following my alert at the start of this week, that preceded GNS Science’s quick explanation of last weekend’s shallow quake swarm beneath Lake Taupo, further Kermadec Islands magnitude 5 earthquakes are passing ‘unnoticed’ in New Zealand seismic records, though not overseas:

020611 magnitude 5.1 Kermadec Islands

020611 magnitude 5.1 Kermadec Islands

020611 Pacific Rim - morning

020611 Pacific Rim - morning

Why is that the case, when again the Kermadec Trench effect can apparently be found on our coastal seismograph records? Here we see the above event at Kaikoura, at the eight-hour mark:

020511 Kaikoura seismometer

020611 Kaikoura seismometer


Time approx 8am NZST; further, long and steady tectonic grinding is evident. (Hawaii had two small quakes.)

And this too is probably today’s Kermadec quake – the odd-looking shape above ’12 hours ago’ – picked up from Christchurch vicinity, which is why I’m documenting concern..

020611 seismometer Banks Peninsula

020611 seismometer Banks Peninsula

With this onshore linked precedent?:
Magnitude 4.4, Wednesday, June 1 2011 at 11:45 am (NZST), 30 km north-east of Opotiki

I urge Kiwi north-east coast readers to keep good watch on quakes.globalincidentmap.com for signs of a Kermadec Islands fore-shock quake swarm, like the magnitude 5 swarm which preceded March 2011’s Sendai offshore magnitude 9.1 earthquake. This may prove to be your best warning, with possible ground-shaking, of devastating north-east coastal tsunami risk. Service is not in place to watch this hazard for you.

~ Kia ora

020611 Pacific Rim - evening

020511 Pacific Rim - evening


Revisiting, the Australian Plate seems to be showing increased activity north of Australia and New Zealand – with a Solomon Islands 5.4 (after yesterday’s offshore Chile 6.2). This may have seismic implications for both countries…

020611 seismometer Northland

020611 seismometer Northland


And something big – over 15 minutes of motion – was picked up around Northland, before mid-day NZST.

Another day later (“I told you so”) 4.6 & 4.9 new Kermadec quakes, and a 6.3 near Honshu, Japan:

Pacific Rim quakes June 3, 2011

Pacific Rim quakes June 3, 2011


..looking like the northern Australian Plate shock sequence is coming our way?..

A better view of the north Australian Plate shock sequence – with Kermadec Trench – from NASA/Australia :

northern Australian Plate shock sequence with Kermadec Trench 030611

northern Australian Plate shock sequence with Kermadec Trench 030611

Australia’s Kermadec region data comes from (?) the US Geological Survey USGS National Earthquake Information Center NEIC World Data Center for Seismology in Denver / World Data Center Strain Database / WDCS-D:

030611 USGS Kermadecs quake cluster magnitude 5.5

030611 USGS Kermadecs quake cluster magnitude 5.5


– an increasingly active period here
030611-USGS-Pacific 11pm

030611 USGS Pacific 11pm

The Kermadec Trench activity impacts around the Bay of Plenty – Urewera – East Cape area, North Island NZ:

030611 NZ recent Quakes - Urewera / East Cape

030611 NZ recent Quakes - Urewera / East Cape

030611 seismograph drums - magnitude 4.4 near Whakatane

030611 seismograph drums - magnitude 4.4 near Whakatane

Urewera seismograph 040611 - magnitude 4.4 quake near Whakatane

Urewera seismograph 040611 - magnitude 4.4 quake near Whakatane

Tsunami alert in Northland a false alarm – really? Or has it picked up on something seismically significant? …

And is all this southward-trending movement of shocks building up sheer force on the Southern Alps? …

030611 Kaikoura seismograph

030611 Kaikoura seismograph

030611 Wanaka seismograph

030611 Wanaka seismograph

030611 Otago seismograph

030611 Otago seismograph

Apocalypse believers shocked after appointed hour passes 22 May 2011 “Marie Exley..’Some people were saying it was going to be an earthquake at that specific time in New Zealand and be a rolling judgment, but God is keeping us in our place and saying you may know the day but you don’t know the hour,’ she said Saturday, speaking from Bozeman, Mont. ‘The day is not over, it’s just the morning, and we have to endure until the end.’ On Sunday, a magnitude-6.1 earthquake struck near a group of South Pacific islands about 600 miles off New Zealand, but there were no reports of damage or a risk of a tsunami. The temblor struck under the Kermadec Islands, which has no permanent population…” usatoday.com/news/religion

7.3 quake strikes outer New Zealand islands 29/9/2008 “A 7.3-magnitude earthquake struck near New Zealand’s remote and largely uninhabited Kermadec Islands early Tuesday, New Zealand’s GNS Science geological agency said. New Zealand’s Ministry of Civil Defense issued no tsunami warning following the quake, while the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said in a bulletin on its Web site that ‘no destructive widespread tsunami threat exists based on historical earthquake and tsunami data’ for the Kermadec area. Only the Kermadec’s Raoul Island is inhabited, with up to six New Zealand Department of Conservation workers living there at any time. The Hong Kong Observatory said the quake was centered about 630 miles south-southwest of Nuku’alofa, Tonga and was recorded in Hong Kong at 4:19 a.m. Tuesday, New Zealand time. The U.S. Geological Survey put the magnitude of the quake at 7.0 and said its depth was 12.5 miles.” + Strong quake near Tonga prompts tsunami warning 19/3/2009 usatoday.com/news/world

Kermadec Expedition Auckland Museum May 2011 blog & Earthquake: ground report from the Kermadecs “bubbles rising out of the sand in places around here, a sure sign of something happening underground” + Magnitude 6.1 22 May 2011 The Real Signs blog + Kermadec Mission Auckland Herald blog + Greg O’Brien: the Kermadecs “Poet, painter, writer and curator at large who was one of nine artists from the South Pacific region who travelled to the Kermadec Islands, the most remote part of New Zealand. (19′13″)” Kim Hill radionz.co.nz/sat-20110604 podcast Kermadecs “the second-most deep body of water in the world” … [meaning subduction fault-slip could generate enormous tsunami waves?] …